Ex 8 – Examples of Irony
There are three types of irony you have learnt. Give one example of each type of irony from the book to show your understanding of the use of ironies.
Clearly indicate the type and the example together as shown below:
Verbal irony: When Mary entered the kitchen after returning from the grocery and remarked: “Patrick!” she called. “How are you darling?”. Mary knew that Patrick was dead, and yet treated him as if he were alive.
Others can comment whether the example has been rightly identified.
Just to recap. There are three types of irony. They are verbal, dramatic and situational.
Verbal irony is the contrast between what is said and what is meant. Most sarcastic comments are ironic. For example, when someone bungles in a quiz, and you say to that person, “You are really great!”.
Dramatic irony is the contrast between what the character thinks or says and what we (the reader, viewer, audience) know. For example, when Jack Noonan, the police detective in “Lamb to the Slaughter”, said, “Get the weapon, and you’ve got the man.” The reader knows which weapon was used in the murder of Patrick Maloney and who the killer was but not Jack. Therein lies the irony.
Situational irony is the contrast between what actually happens and what is expected. For example, when Mary cried hysterically on Jack Noonan’s arms as they arrived to investigate the murder of Patrick Maloney. Mary is expected to cry over the death of her husband who has just been murdered. She does cry but only because she wants to cover up her crime over the murder of her own husband (this is what actually happens).